White House ‘Big Data’ Push Means Big Bucks for Drone Brains
By Robert Beckhusen, Danger Room, Wired Magazine, March 29, 2012
The military has a data problem. More specifically, it has a too-much-data problem. Analysts have to sort through massive amounts of information collected by orbiting surveillance drones and satellites, or finding the data trails left behind by spies inside defense networks. Sorting through all this data is also necessary for making unmanned vehicles more autonomous. Bring on the White House’s new “big data” research initiative. Announced this morning, the plan aims to invest “more than $200 million” in six government agencies to develop systems to “extract knowledge and insights from large and complex collections of digital data,” according to a White House statement. …
For full text of the article, via White House ‘Big Data’ Push Means Big Bucks for Drone Brains | Danger Room | Wired.com.
- White House ‘Big Data’ Push Means Big Bucks for Drone Brains (wired.com)
- Why science really needs big data – CNET News (news.cnet.com)
- Feds launch big data initiative to advance science (news.cnet.com)
- Big Data Initiative Or Big Government Boondoggle? (informationweek.com)
By Debra Werner, Space News, January 20, 2012
U.S. government agencies are working together to look for ways to reduce the cost of future Landsat missions as a result of congressional direction included in the 2012 budget passed in December. “Although Congress has provided $2 million to the U.S. Geological Service for Landsat 9 program development, they have also requested that the Administration re-examine how to proceed with future Landsat missions,” Jon Campbell, spokesman for the Interior Department’s U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), said in a Jan. 10 email. … U.S. President Barack Obama requested $48 million for USGS to pave the way for development of Landsat 9 and Landsat 10, spacecraft designed to extend the Landsat program’s 40-year record of providing moderate-resolution imagery on global agriculture, land use and natural disasters. …
For full text of the article, visit US Government Looking To Lower Landsat Costs | SpaceNews.com.
- FY 2012 Appropriation for U.S. Geological Survey (geodatapolicy.wordpress.com)
- USGS Landsat 5 Mission in Jeopardy (gisuser.com)
- Landsat satellites track Yellowstone’s underground heat (eurekalert.org)
Total USGS appropriations:
The FY 2011 appropriation was $1,083.7 million
The FY 2012 Administration request was $1,117.9 million
The FY 2012 appropriation is $1,069.7 million, a decline of $14.0 million or 1.3 percent.
For a breakdown of the appropriations by USGS programs under Surveys, Investigations and Research, visit the AIP FYI blog: FY 2012 Appropriation for U.S. Geological Survey.
Of note, the appropriations report states:
Land Use Change and Land Imaging
“Within Land Use Change, an increase of $11,500,000 is provided to complete funding for Landsat 8 ground operations development. The conferees have not agreed with the proposal to create a separate ‘Land Imaging’ account and have instead maintained funding for all satellite operations within this subactivity. Estimated administrative savings assumed in the proposed new account have been assumed within the Land Use Change account instead.
“The conferees have not agreed to transfer budgetary authority for the launch of Landsat satellites 9 and 10 from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration to the Survey. Of the requested $48,000,000 increase for its implementation, the conferees have provided $2,000,000 for program development only. The conferees note that future requests for the project are estimated by the Administration to escalate to over $400,000,000 by fiscal year 2014. There is little doubt that resources will not be available within the Interior Appropriations bill to support these very large increases without decimating all other Survey programs. The conferees note that the launch of Landsat 9 is not scheduled until 2018. This allows time in the year ahead for all interested parties to re-examine how to proceed with future Landsat missions. In the conferees’ view this would be a prudent step, inasmuch as the current budget proposal is based on a report from the Office of Science and Technology Policy issued in 2008, and both technological advances and a vastly different economic environment may point to other, less costly, options for obtaining Landsat data.”
National Geological and Geophysical Data Preservation Program and National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Federal and State Partnerships
“Increases to the request include $998,000 for the National Geological and Geophysical Data Preservation Program to continue funding at the current year enacted level, and $1,500,000 for National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Federal and State Partnerships to partially restore the proposed reduction to that program. Decreases from the request include $500,000 from WaterSMART.”
Natural Hazards and Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning
“The conferees have not agreed to proposed reductions in the request and have restored funds to the following programs: $2,000,000 for Earthquake Grants; $1,800,000 for the 2012 Multi-Hazards Initiative; and $1,500,000 for the National Volcano Early Warning System. Decreases from the request include $800,000 from the 2011 Multi-Hazards Initiative, and $3,000,000 from Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning.”
- Analysis of R & D Investments in FY 2012 Appropriations Bill (geodatapolicy.wordpress.com)
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) is requesting public input on its six science strategies: Ecosystems; Energy and Minerals; Environmental Health; Global Change; Natural Hazards; and Water. These strategies will used in setting priorities and implementation planning for future research activities at the agency, which was reorganized in 2010.
Some of the USGS programs that support these science strategies include:
Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)
The Federal Geographic Data Committee is an interagency committee that promotes the coordinated development, use, sharing, and dissemination of geospatial data on a national basis. This nationwide data publishing effort is known as the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI). The NSDI is a physical, organizational, and virtual network designed to enable the development and sharing of this nation’s digital geographic information resources. FGDC activities are administered through the FGDC Secretariat, hosted by the U.S. Geological Survey.
Land Remote Sensing (LRS)
The Land Remote Sensing Program operates the Landsat satellites and provides the Nation’s portal to the largest archive of remotely sensed land data in the world, supplying access to current and historical images. These images serve many purposes from assessing the impact of natural disasters to monitoring global agricultural production.
National Geospatial Program
The National Geospatial Program (NGP) organizes, maintains, and publishes the geospatial baseline of the Nation’s topography, natural landscape, and built environment. The baseline is The National Map, a set of databases of map data and information from which customers can download data and derived map products and use web-based map services. Through the Geospatial Liaison Network, the NGP works with cooperators to share the costs of acquiring and maintaining these geospatial data. The National Atlas of the United States of America®, the small-scale component of The National Map, fosters an understanding of broad geographic patterns, trends, and conditions useful for national assessments. The Federal Geographic Data Committee promotes consistent data and metadata standards, system interoperability, and cross-government best business practices for geospatial resources, policies, standards, and technology as part of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure.
Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources
Oversight Hearing on
“Examining the Spending Priorities and the Missions on the U.S. Geological Survey and the President’s FY 2010 Budget Proposal”
Wednesday, March 9, 2011
OVERSIGHT HEARING ON:
- “Examining the Spending Priorities and the Missions of the U.S. Geological Survey and the President’s FY 2012 Budget Proposal”
Representative Doug Lamborn
WITNESSES & TESTIMONY:
The Honorable Marcia McNutt
Director, U.S. Geological Survey
U.S. Department of Interior
Dr. Richard Aster
President, Seismological Society of America
New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology
John M. Palatiello
Dr. Jonathan G. Price
State Geologist and Director
Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology
University of Nevada, Reno
Testifying on behalf of the Association of American State Geologists
Dr. Craig M. Schiffries
Director for Geoscience Policy
Geological Society of America
In his testimony, John Palatiello, Executive Director of MAPPS stated, “The USGS operates primarily under authorization provided by the Act of March 3, 1879. It has been decades since Congress last enacted major surveying and mapping legislation for USGS. As a result, surveying and mapping has proliferated among more than 40 federal agencies, resulting in duplication, a lack of coordination, gaps in coverage and the absence of a strategic approach to providing the basic geographic information needed in the 21st century. The need for better coordination of Federal surveying and mapping activities has been well documented. … The National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI), established by President Clinton and reaffirmed by President Bush provides a framework for the geographic information America needs today. However, this priority is not reflected in the USGS budget.”
For MAPPS press release, click here.
- The National Map. (obxcommonground.org)
- National Geospatial Program and the President’s 2012 USGS Budget Proposal (geodatapolicy.wordpress.com)
The National Geospatial Program (NGP) sponsors USGS Geospatial Liaisons in every state and provides USGS Partnership funds, which are used to leverage local and state efforts to acquire new geospatial data, such as orthophotography and LiDAR. Both of these activities likely will be impacted under the FY 2012 budget, which proposes a net reduction of approximately $5.4 million (USGS FY 2012 Budget Factsheet).
President’s 2012 USGS Budget Proposal
USGS Press Release, Released: 2/14/2011 3:31:22 PM
The President’s proposed $1.1 billion budget for the U.S. Geological Survey in 2012 emphasizes cost-containment and program savings while investing in research and development programs to restore and protect the nation’s lands and waters for future generations.
“The USGS supports Secretary Salazar’s and the Administration’s strong commitment to use science as the cornerstone of natural resource management by providing timely, unbiased research related to our nation’s most important natural resources,” said Marcia McNutt, USGS Director. “By providing funds for the sustained operation of Earth-observing satellites and for scientific research to enable understanding of complex ecosystems, the USGS budget will help our nation meet its energy needs, protect its land, water and wildlife, and make wise decisions about natural resources.”
The 2012 budget represents an increase of $6.1 million from the 2010 enacted level, which includes net program increases of $28.8 million, administrative cost savings of $23.4 million, and fixed costs and related change increases of $710,000.
AAAS R&D Budget and Policy Program
For information and analysis of the U.S. federal R&D budget, visit: http://www.aaas.org/spp/rd/
Appropriations Progress Chart
Agency Budget Briefing Schedule FY 2012
|When:||Monday, February 14, 2011, 1:30pm – 2:30pm|
|Where:||AAAS Auditorium, 1200 New York Avenue NW, Washington DC (entrance at 12th and H)|
|Metro:||Metro Center (red, blue, and orange lines)|
|RSVP:||Press should RSVP to Phil Larson|
|Details:||Live webcast will be available at http://www.aaas.org/go/ostp|