Thanks to Kevin Pomfret for passing along the following link:
by Katleen Janssen, EPSI Platform, 27 May 2011
Naomi Korn and Charles Oppenheim have prepared a Practical Guide for Licensing Open Data, targeting organisations that want to use open data and want to understand under which terms they can use data licensed by third parties. The Guide relies on work done by the Strategic Content Alliance and JISC projects related to digital content, including Web2Rights. The Guide provides short information on some of the most important legal domains that need to be taken into account when licensing open data (intellectual property rights, contract law, data protection, freedom of information, and breach of confidence). It explains the commonly known open licence models…
For full text of the article, click Licensing Open Data: A Practical Guide at EPSI Platform.
- Open Knowledge Conference 2011 (creativecommons.org)
- License or public domain for public sector information? (downes.ca)
- Why OpenStreetMap is moving from Creative Commons to the Open Database License (geodatapolicy.wordpress.com)
Developing a National Spatial Data Infrastructure
Author: Hon Maurice Williamson, 16 December 2010, New Zealand Geospatial Strategy
On Monday, Cabinet agreed to the development of a national spatial data infrastructure for New Zealand, and directed Government agencies to get involved now – at the development stage. Cabinet also mandated LINZ, through the NZGO, to assume a leadership role in driving the development of this infrastructure. …
Full text of the article via Developing a National Spatial Data Infrastructure // New Zealand Geospatial Strategy.
- Australian Spatial Council Releases Online Map Guidelines (geodatapolicy.wordpress.com)
This summary report by Peter Weiss (February 2002) offers a comparison between the PSI re-use market within the US and Europe and how the impact that the different policy approaches on access, copyright and re-use related to PSI has impacted the PSI re-use market. The report seeks to demonstrate the economic and social benefits of open access and dissemination policies for public sector information, particularly as opposed to the limitations of the “cost recovery ” or “government commercialisation” approach. The report offers good coverage of conclusions of recent economic and public policy research, as well as examples of failed or limited cost recovery experiments in the US and Europe.
Roger Longhorn passed along the following data sharing report, published 12th July 2010.
Danish Enterprise and Construction Authority (DECA) has published an analysis of the social and economic benefits associated with the decision in 2002 to provide the official Danish address data “free of charge” for public as well as commercial re-use. The main conclusion of the study is that the direct financial benefits from the agreement for society in the period 2005-2009 amount to around EUR 62 million (~DKK 471 million). Until 2009 the total costs of the agreement has been around EUR 2 million. In 2010 it is estimated that social benefits from the agreement will be about EUR 14 million, while costs will total about EUR 0.2 million.
A 8-page memo presenting the study and the results can be found here.
In the United States, a lively discussion is emerging on the next generation of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure, with a focus on its governance and coordination. Below are links to articles, reports and editorials on this topic:
National Geospatial Advisory Council Reports
- NGAC Report: The Changing Geospatial Landscape [PDF 4.38 MB]
- NGAC Transition Recommendations [PDF]
- Recommendations Summary [July 2011, PDF]
- Proposal to Measure Progress Toward Realizing the NSDI Vision [PDF]
Federal Geographic Data Committee Reports and Presentations
- NSDI 2.0: Implementing Change, Challenges and Opportunities [Ivan Deloatch, October 2009]
- A History of Spatial Data Coordination [Milo Robinson, May 2008]
- National Spatial Data Infrastructure Webpage
2009 Proposals for a “National GIS”
- A Proposal for National Economic Recovery: An Investment in Geospatial Information Infrastructure Building a National GIS [Jack Dangermond, ESRI]
- A Concept for American Recovery and Reinvestment – NSDI 2.0: Powering our National Economy, Renewing our Infrastructure, Protecting our Environment [Jeff Harrison, John Moeller, Julia Harvell and others]
- A Proposal for Reinvigorating the American Economy Through Investment in the US National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) [Autodesk, Microsoft, Oracle, Google, Intergraph]
- Stimulus Proposal #4 – Funding the National Map [John Palatiello]
- A Strategic Framework for a National Spatial Data Infrastructure [NSGIC]
- Governance of the NSDI [Will Craig, President of NSGIC]
- Mapping and Spatial Data: Infrastructures and Imagination (John Moeller, Communia Blog, Sept 6, 2011)
- Obama Should Finish What Nixon Failed to Do (Christopher Tucker, Directions Magazine, Oct 2, 2009)
- Is a National GIS on the map? (GCN, July 13, 2009)
- Update 9: ESRI Invites Support for GIS for the Nation as Part of Stimulus Bill
- Three Geospatial Proposals and U.S. Economic Stimulus: Background and Status (Directions Magazine, Feb 5, 2009)
- Landscape of National GIS (David G. Smith, February 1, 2009)
- A Second Proposal Regarding Geo and the Stimulus: NSDI 2.0 (All Points Blog, Directions Magazine, Jan 24, 2009)
- Grassroots Group Releases NSDI 2.0 Concept Paper (GISCafe, January 23, 2009)
- A Rebuttal to “Building a National GIS” (Sean Gorman, January 13, 2009)
NSDI Related Legislation and Hearings
- E-Government Act of 2002 (PL 107-347) See Section 216 – Common Protocols for Geographic Information Systems, as well as Hearing Transcript, House Report No. 107-787 , Part 1 (H.R. 2458), and Senate Reports No. 107-174 (S. 803)
Congressional Oversight Hearings:
House Committee on Government Reform, Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations and the Census (June 23, 2004) See GAO Testimony – “Geospatial Information: Better Coordination and Oversight Could Help Reduce Duplicative Investments“
House Committee on Government Reform, Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations and the Census (June 10, 2003) See GAO Testimony – “Geographic Information Systems: Challenges to Effective Data Sharing“
Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports to Congress:
- Geospatial Information and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): An Overview for Congress (CRS, May 18, 2011)
- Issues and Challenges for Federal Geospatial Information” (CRS, May 18, 201)
- Geospatial Information and Geograpahic Information Systems (GIS): Current Issues and Future Challenges (CRS, June 2009)
- Issues Regarding a National Land Parcel Database (CRS, July 2009)
Government Accountability Office (GAO) Reports to Congress and Testimony:
- Geographic Information Systems : Challenges to Effective Data Sharing (GAO-03-874T, June 2003) [Testimony]
- Geospatial Information: Better Coordination Needed To Identify and Reduce Duplicative Investments (GAO-04-743, June 2004) [Testimony]
- Geospatial Informaiton: Better Coordination Needed to Identify and Reduce Duplicative Investments (GAO-04-703, June 2004) [Report to Congressional Requesters]
Executive Orders, Regulations and Guidelines
- Executive Order 12906: Coordinating Geographic Data Acquisition and Access: The National Spatial Data Infrastructure
- Executive Order 13286, published in the March 5, 2003, edition of the Federal Register, Volume 68, Number 43, pp. 10619-10633 amended Executive Order 12906
OMB Circulars and Memos:
- OMB Circular A-16 Revised Coordination of Geographic Information and Related Spatial Data Activities
- OMB Circular A-130: Management of Federal Information Resources
- OMB Circular A-119: Federal Participation in the Development and Use of Voluntary Consensus Standards and in Conformity Assessment Activities
- OMB Memo M-09-28: Developing Effective Place-Based Policies for the FY2011 Budget
- OMB Memo M-06-07: Designation of a Senior Agency Official for Geospatial Information (President Bush)
NSDI-related Reports and Publications
National Academy of Public Administration Reports:
- Geographic Information for the 21st Century: Building a Strategy for the Nation (NAPA 98-01, January 1998)
- Legal Limits on Access to and Disclosure of Disaster Information (NAPA 99-09S, May 1999)
- Enabling Collaboration: Three Priorities for the New Administration (NAPA Jan 2009)
- Conversations with Leaders: Place-Based Public Management: A National Academy of Public Administration Initiative (NAPA 2011)
- Forum on Place-Based Public Management (May 2011)
National Academy of Sciences Reports (PDFs are now free; for full list of Mapping Science Committee reports click here):
- Land Parcel Data: A Vision for the Future (NAS 2007)
- Weaving a National Map: A Review of the U.S. Geological Survey Concept of the National Map (NAS 2003)
- National Spatial Data Infrastructure Partnership Programs: Rethinking the Focus (NAS 2001)
- A Data Foundation for the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NAS 1995)
- Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships (NAS 1994)
- Toward a Coordinated Spatial Data Infrastructure for the Nation (NAS 1993)
- Spatial Data Needs: The Future of the National Mapping Program (NAS 1990)
- Federal Surveying and Mapping: An Organizational Review (NAS 1981), including a summary of the Federal Mapping Task Force Report (OMB 1973).
A Policy Appraisal of the National Map, A Federal Program to Provide Basic Geospatial Data For the Nation (Maeve A. Boland, PhD Dissertation, 2005)
Earth Observation Governance, Priorities and Benefit to Society:
If you know of additional related documents or commentaries, please email us the links!
DISCLAIMER: The opinions expressed in the links and resources listed above are not necessarily those of this blog site.
The report announced below focuses extensively on public spatial data policy. You are welcome to redistribute liberally. – Paul +++++++++++++++++++
While governments throughout the world have different approaches to how they make their public sector information (PSI) available and the terms under which the information may be reused, there appears to be a broad recognition of the importance of digital networks and PSI to the economy and to society. However, despite the huge investments in PSI and the even larger estimated effects, surprisingly little is known about the costs and benefits of different information policies on the information society and the knowledge economy. By understanding the strengths and weaknesses of the current assessment methods and their underlying criteria, it should be possible to improve and apply such tools to help rationalize the policies and to clarify the role of the internet in disseminating PSI. This in turn can help promote the efficiency and effectiveness of PSI investments and management, and to improve their downstream economic and social results. The workshop that is summarized in this volume, organized by the U.S. National Committee for CODATA and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, was intended to review the state of the art in assessment methods and to improve the understanding of what is known and what needs to be known about the effects of PSI activities. The report, The Socioeconomic Effects of Public Sector Information on Digital Networks, is available freely online at: http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=12687
Questions or comments about this volume may be sent to me at the contact information below.
Paul F. Uhlir, J.D. Director
NRC Board on Research Data and Information, and IAP Program on Digital Knowledge Resources and Infrastructure in Developing Countries The National Academies, Keck-511 500 Fifth Street NW Washington, DC 20001 USA
Comparison of the PSI Re-use (2003) and INSPIRE (2007) Directives, by Roger Longhorn.
Posted to the GSDI Legal-Econ listserv Vol. 50, Issue 1, on February 19, 2009.