Committee on Implementation of a Sustained Land Imaging Program; Space Studies Board; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; National Research Council
In 1972 NASA launched the Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ETRS), now known as Landsat 1, and on February 11, 2013 launched Landsat 8. Currently the United States has collected 40 continuous years of satellite records of land remote sensing data from satellites similar to these. Even though this data is valuable to improving many different aspects of the country such as agriculture, homeland security, and disaster mitigation; the availability of this data for planning our nation’s future is at risk.
Thus, the Department of the Interior’s (DOI’s) U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) requested that the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Committee on Implementation of a Sustained Land Imaging Program review the needs and opportunities necessary for the development of a national space-based operational land imaging capability. The committee was specifically tasked with several objectives including identifying stakeholders and their data needs and providing recommendations to facilitate the transition from NASA’s research-based series of satellites to a sustained USGS land imaging program.
Landsat and Beyond: Sustaining and Enhancing the Nation’s Land Imaging Program is the result of the committee’s investigation. This investigation included meetings with stakeholders such as the DOI, NASA, NOAA, and commercial data providers. The report includes the committee’s recommendations, information about different aspects of the program, and a section dedicated to future opportunities.
From Paul Uhlir, Director, Board on Research Data and Information, National Academy of Sciences:Presentations from Symposium on International Scientific Data Sharing The Board of Research Data and Information (BRDI) at the U.S. National Academies co-sponsored a free, two-day symposium on April 18-19th in Washington, DC on international scientific data sharing, with focus on developing countries. The presentations from the event are available online. The symposium sought to address the following questions:1. Why is the international sharing of publicly funded scientific data important, especially for development? What are some examples of past successes and what are the types of global research and applications problems that can be addressed with more complete access to government data collections and government-funded data sources?
2. What is the status of public data access internationally, particularly in developing countries?
3. What are the principal barriers and limits to sharing public data across borders?4. What are the rights and responsibilities of scientists and research organizations with regard to providing and getting access to publicly funded scientific data? How can international scientific organizations, government agencies, and scientists improve sharing of publicly funded data to address global challenges, particularly in less economically developed countries, more successfully?
- International Symposium on the Case for International Scientific Data Sharing: A Focus on Developing Countries (geodatapolicy.wordpress.com)
- Opening up scientific data (blogs.nature.com)
- The emergence of spatial cyberinfrastructure (geodatapolicy.wordpress.com)
National Research Council Disasters Roundtable Workshop 32
Using Lessons from Haiti and Chile to Reduce Global Risk
March 1, 2011
The Venable Conference Center
575 – 7th Street, NW – The Capitol Room
Washington, DC, 20004
In 2010, Haiti and Chile experienced devastating earthquakes. The Haitian earthquake measured about 7.0 on the Richter Scale and led to more than 200,000 deaths, 1.5 million displaced Haitians, and more than $3 billion committed to Haiti’s recovery. The Chilean earthquake measured 8.8 on the Richter Scale, and led to about 500 deaths, 1.8 million affected Chileans, and about $13 million committed to Chile’s recovery. The differences and the similarities between the two earthquakes present researchers, practitioners, the US Government, and the international community with tremendous learning opportunities to reduce global and US domestic risk to natural hazards. The Disasters Roundtable is hosting a workshop, Using Lessons from Haiti and Chile to Reduce Global Risk, to identify, clarify, and find applications for the lessons from the earthquakes in Haiti and Chile. With contributions from Haitians, Chileans, and those from the US Government and international community, the Disasters Roundtable of the National Academies’ workshop aims to illustrate how both the expected and the unexpected outcomes and occurrences in these earthquakes can better prepare the USG and the international community for the next disaster. The workshop will focus on:
- the role of pre-existing conditions in the impact, response, and recovery of these earthquake events;
- what was learned from the expected and the unexpected outcomes of these earthquakes; and
- how to use lessons from Haiti and Chile to reduce disaster risk in the future.
- Haiti one year on: put communities at the heart of reconstruction (guardian.co.uk)
- Strong quake jolts southern Chile; magnitude 6.8 (thenewstribune.com)
- Chile hit by powerful earthquake (bbc.co.uk)
The Future of Scientific Knowledge Discovery in Open Networked Environments: A National Symposium and Workshop
The Future of Scientific Knowledge Discovery in Open Networked Environments:
A National Symposium and Workshop
Washington, DC, March 10-11, 2011
The Symposium is free and open to the public, but advance registration is requested. Please RSVP to Cheryl Levey firstname.lastname@example.org.
Board on Research Data and Information
in collaboration with
Computer Science and Telecommunications Board
National Academy of Sciences
Digital technologies and networks have enhanced access to and use of scientific data, information, and literature significantly, and also have great promise for accelerating the discovery and the communication of knowledge both within the scientific community and in the broader society. This is particularly the case for scientific data and information that are openly available online. Scientific knowledge discovery in open networked environments, referred to in this proposal as computer-mediated or computational scientific knowledge discovery, may be defined as a research process that is enabled by different digital computing technologies such as data mining, information retrieval and extraction, artificial intelligence, distributed grid computing, and many other automated methods. Together, these technological capabilities are supporting the emergence of computer-mediated knowledge discovery as a new paradigm in the conduct of research.
A symposium and workshop will be convened in Washington, DC to bring together key stakeholders in this area for intensive and structured discussions in order to obtain a better understanding of the state-of-the-art and future trends in the study of computational scientific knowledge discovery in the open online environment and to develop a range of options for future work in this area. Specifically, the project will be performed pursuant to the following statement of task: