Tag Archive | information technology

The emergence of spatial cyberinfrastructure

Dawn J. Wrighta, Department of Geosciences, Oregon State University, and

Shaowen Wang, Department of Geography and National Center for Supercomputing Applications, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL.

doi: 10.1073/pnas.1103051108 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences April 5, 2011 vol. 108 no. 14 5488-5491

Abstract: Cyberinfrastructure integrates advanced computer, information, and communication technologies to empower computation-based and data-driven scientific practice and improve the synthesis and analysis of scientific data in a collaborative and shared fashion. As such, it now represents a paradigm shift in scientific research that has facilitated easy access to computational utilities and streamlined collaboration across distance and disciplines, thereby enabling scientific breakthroughs to be reached more quickly and efficiently. Spatial cyberinfrastructure seeks to resolve longstanding complex problems of handling and analyzing massive and heterogeneous spatial datasets as well as the necessity and benefits of sharing spatial data flexibly and securely. This article provides an overview and potential future directions of spatial cyberinfrastructure. The remaining four articles of the special feature are introduced and situated in the context of providing empirical examples of how spatial cyberinfrastructure is extending and enhancing scientific practice for improved synthesis and analysis of both physical and social science data. The primary focus of the articles is spatial analyses using distributed and high-performance computing, sensor networks, and other advanced information technology capabilities to transform massive spatial datasets into insights and knowledge.

via The emergence of spatial cyberinfrastructure.

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NIST Issues Guidance on Cloud Computing Privacy and Security Requirements for Federal Agencies

 

NIST Issues Guidance on Cloud Computing Privacy and Security Requirements for Federal Agencies

Posted on February 17, 2011 by HL Chronicle of Data Protection, Joel Buckman, an associate in Hogan Lovells Privacy and Information Management practice group located in the Washington, D.C office, assisted in the preparation of this entry.

Recent guidance from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (“NIST”) encourages federal agencies to take advantage of cloud computing. It also provides draft security and privacy guidelines for federal agencies to follow when engaging cloud providers. The draft guidelines serve as roadmaps for how to negotiate meaningful privacy and data security protections from cloud providers. Though prepared for federal agencies, the draft guidelines could prove influential to the private sector as an increasing number of private businesses use cloud services. NIST has requested comments on the drafts by no later than February 28, 2011. …

For full text of the article, visit NIST Issues Guidance on Cloud Computing Privacy and Security Requirements for Federal Agencies : HL Chronicle of Data Protection.

President’s Innovation Strategy Released and Feedback Solicited

South façade of the White House, the executive...

Image via Wikipedia

White House Website, February 5, 2011

America’s economic growth and competitiveness depend on its people’s capacity to innovate.  We can create the jobs and industries of the future by doing what America does best – investing in the creativity and imagination of our people.  To win the future, the U.S. must out-innovate, out-educate, and out-build the rest of the world. President Obama’s Strategy for American Innovation seeks to harness the ingenuity of the American people to ensure economic growth that is rapid, broad-based, and sustained.  This economic growth will bring greater income, higher quality jobs, and improved quality of life to all Americans.

You can read the Innovation Strategy and submit your comments and feedback using on Slideshare using the links provided via Innovation | The White House.

President’s Innovation and Technology Advisory Committee Discussion

The President’s Innovation and Technology Advisory Committee (PITAC), which is part of the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), is soliciting information and ideas from stakeholders—including the research community, the private sector, universities, national laboratories, State and local governments, foundations, and nonprofit organizations—regarding the congruence of three areas of research that together are transforming the technology landscape: information technology, biotechnology, and nanotechnology. Specifically, PITAC would like to know:

What are the critical infrastructures that only government can help provide that are needed to enable creation of new biotechnology, nanotechnology, and information technology products and innovations that will lead to new jobs and greater GDP?

Points to consider include: What are unique opportunities at the intersections of these fields; where is the basic research in these fields taking us and what knowledge gaps remain; what are the impediments to commercialization and broad use of these technologies; what infrastructure is required to properly test, prototype, scale, and manufacture breakthrough technologies; where should the Federal government invest and focus; and what Federal policies or programs relating to these technologies are in need of review and what new programs or policies may be needed in light of recent and anticipated advances in these fields?

Stakeholderscan submit ideas at the OpenPCAST website: http://pcast.ideascale.com  and can also submit comments during a live webcast discussion that will take place on Tuesday, June 22 from 10 am to 2:30 pm on the PCAST website.

DATE: Tuesday, June 22, 2010,  10 a.m. to 2:30 p.m.

For full agenda and instructions for listening: http://www.whitehouse.gov/ostp/pcast

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