We are pleased to announce publication of the first issue of JCOM for 2016.
SPECIAL ISSUE: CITIZEN SCIENCE, PART I
We are delighted to publish the first in a two part series exploring Citizen Science. Following a call for papers, Bruce Lewenstein and Emma Weitkamp received 37 manuscripts. Following review, it was clear that we would need two issues to accommodate the many worthy submissions. This newsletter introduces the essays and research papers that form part one of the Special Issue. April will see the publication of part two, and the final papers accepted through the call. We thank all the authors submitting manuscripts and the many reviewers contributing their time to peer review papers.
Can we understand citizen science?
Bruce V. Lewenstein
Citizen science is one of the most dramatic developments in science communication in the last generation. But analyses of citizen science, of what it means for science and especially for science communication, have just begun to appear. Articles in this first of two special issues of JCOM address three intertwined concerns in this emerging field: The motivation of citizen science participants, the relationship of citizen science with education, and the implications of participation for creation of democratic engagement in science-linked issues. Ultimately these articles contribute to answering the core question: What does citizen science mean?
ARTICLES AND ESSAYS
The Power of GIS and SMS Alert Services
Written by ASM_Admin, Asian Surveying & Mapping, Thursday, 23 December 2010 09:34
Communicating important messages can be triggered through geographic information systems (GIS) activities. Using mobile devices, short message service (SMS) occur as text messages and often originate automatically. Deteriorating weather forecasts, tsunami alerts, flood events and pollution impacts are examples of events that can be communicated to mobile devices to warn and inform people. These messages tend to be short and are intended to cause immediate action. Short message services are more commonly known as SMS messages. It was recently reported that over 2 Trillion of the these of these messages are sent through mobile devices around the globe daily, often forming part of the basic communication between two parties either close together or sometimes around the world. The advantages of SMS are speed, lower cost and easy-of-use. …
Full text of the article via The Power of GIS and SMS Alert Services.
- What is SMS? (brainz.org)
While the difficulties of communicating climate science has been a hot topic in the news lately, professionals in geospatial science and technology also would benefit from improving their communication skills, particularly when interacting with policy makers.
Their Own Worst Enemies: Why scientists are losing the PR wars.
by Sharon Begley, Newsweek, March 18, 2010
It’s a safe bet that the millions of Americans who have recently changed their minds about global warming—deciding it isn’t happening, or isn’t due to human activities such as burning coal and oil, or isn’t a serious threat—didn’t just spend an intense few days poring over climate-change studies and decide, holy cow, the discretization of continuous equations in general circulation models is completely wrong! Instead, the backlash (an 18-point rise since 2006 in the percentage who say the risk of climate change is exaggerated, Gallup found this month) has been stoked by scientists’ abysmal communication skills, plus some peculiarly American attitudes, both brought into play now by how critics have spun the “Climategate” e-mails to make it seem as if scientists have pulled a fast one. …
For full text of the article, visit Why Scientists Are Losing the Public-Relations War – Newsweek.
- Made to Stick: Why Some Ideas Survive and Others Die by Chip and Dan Heath
- Don’t be Such a Scientist: Talking Substance in an Age of Style by Randy Olson
- A Scientist’s Guide to Talking with the Media by Richard Hayes and Daniel Grossman
- Am I Making Myself Clear: A Scientist’s Guide to Talking to the Public by Cornelia Dean
- Communicating Uncertainty: Media Coverage of New and Controversial Science edited by Sharon M. Friedman, Sharon Dunwoody, and Carol L. Rogers
- Escape from the Ivory Tower: A Guide to Making Your Science Matter by Nancy Baron
- Explaining Research: How to Reach Key Audiences to Advance Your Work by Dennis Meredith
- Working with Congress: A Practical Guide for Scientists and Engineers by William G. Wells
- Unscientific America: How Scientific Illiteracy Threatens Our Future by Chris Mooney and Sheril Kirshenbaum
by Molly Macauley and Ramanan Laxminarayan, Resources for the Future, Published August 2010
This report highlights the major conclusions and outcomes from a workshop held June 28–29, 2010 at Resources for the Future in Washington, DC, on methodological frontiers and new applications of valuing information and its social benefit. The participants provided answers to a series of questions: What is meant by “value of information”? When does information have value? What are state-of-the-practice methods to ascribe value to information? Participants also identified steps to ascribe, measure, and communicate value.
The workshop was distinctive in serving as the first multi-day, in-depth meeting to convene experts in the two disparate communities of social science and Earth science to identify and critique state-of-the-practice methods for ascribing value and societal benefit to information. The workshop outputs include specific recommendations and actions to enhance and further demonstrate the value of information from public investments, particularly those in Earth science applications.
A main finding is that investment in Earth observations confers many benefits but a lack of tools and resources has caused these benefits to be less well measured and communicated than warranted. The report includes suggestions attendees offered as next steps to enhance modeling, evaluation, and communication of the array of benefits.
Report PDF can be found at: http://www.rff.org/Publications/Pages/PublicationDetails.aspx?PublicationID=21266
Interestingly, one participant of the workshop remarked on “the difference between public and private sector perspectives. In the public sector (and academia), the primary questions seem to concern the overall value of information. To be useful in the private sector, such questions must be augmented by knowledge of how that value is allocated throughout the supplier-customer chain.”
For commentary by one of the workshop’s steering committee members, Bill Hooke, visit his blog posting Knowing What the Earth Will Do Next? Priceless.
**Also, check out the comment posted by Bill Gail, another workshop steering committee member, by clicking the comment link right under the title at the very top of the post.