Tag Archive | World Wide Web

Neogeography and the delusion of democratisation

by Muki Haklay, Po Ve Sham Blog,  22 June, 2012

“At the end of 2010, Matt Wilson (University of Kentucky) and Mark Graham(Oxford Internet Institute), started coordinating a special issue of Environment and Planning Adedicated to ‘Situating Neogeography’, asking ‘How might we situate neogeography? What are the various assemblages, networks, ecologies, configurations, discourses, cyborgs, alliances that enable/enact these technologies?’ My [Muki Hakly's] response to this call is a paper titled ‘Neogeography and the delusion of democratisation’ and it is finally been accepted for publication. I am providing below an excerpt from the introduction, to provide a flavour of the discussion:

“Since the emergence of the World Wide Web (Web) in the early 1990s, claims about its democratic potential and practice are a persistent feature in the discourse about it. While awareness of the potential of ‘anyone, anytime, anywhere’ to access and use information was extolled for a long while (for an early example see Batty 1997), the emergence of Web 2.0 in the mid-2000s (O’Reilly 2005) increased this notion. In the popular writing of authors such as Friedman (2006), these sentiments are amplified by highlighting the ability of anyone to ‘plug into the flat earth platform’ from anywhere and anytime. …”

For full text of this thought provoking article, visit Neogeography and the delusion of democratisation « Po Ve Sham – Muki Haklay’s personal blog.

Time-Critical Social Mobilization

This is the most up-to-date DARPA logo.

Image via Wikipedia

by Pickard et al., Science Magazine, October 28, 2011

Abstract: The World Wide Web is commonly seen as a platform that can harness the collective abilities of large numbers of people to accomplish tasks with unprecedented speed, accuracy, and scale. To explore the Web’s ability for social mobilization, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) held the DARPA Network Challenge, in which competing teams were asked to locate 10 red weather balloons placed at locations around the continental United States. Using a recursive incentive mechanism that both spread information about the task and incentivized individuals to act, our team was able to find all 10 balloons in less than 9 hours, thus winning the Challenge. We analyzed the theoretical and practical properties of this mechanism and compared it with other approaches. Science Magazine 28 October 2011 (Vol. 334 no. 6055 pp. 509-512; DOI: 10.1126/science.1205869)

For full text of the article, visit: Time-Critical Social Mobilization.

Advancing the GEOSS Data Sharing Principles

by Helen Wood, Co-chair, Data Sharing Task Force, GEO News, Issue #15, July 20, 2011

The “GEOSS Data Sharing Action Plan” that was accepted last November by the GEO-VII Plenary and incorporated into the “Beijing Declaration” calls for the creation of the GEOSS Data Collection of Open Resources for Everyone. This emerging GEOSS Data-CORE is a distributed pool of documented datasets with full, open and unrestricted access at no more than the cost of reproduction and distribution. … The GEO Data Sharing Task Force (DSTF) has been tasked to identify the maximum possible datasets that qualify for the Data CORE and whose providers agree to make it available through GEOSS. …

The Task Force conducted a review of legal options for the exchange of data and developed a detailed document addressing legal options for the exchange of data, metadata, and products through the GEOSS Data-CORE.The review noted that the “legal interoperability” of data made available through the GEOSS Data-CORE is essential for the effective sharing of data in GEOSS. Legal interoperability for data means that the legal rights, terms, and conditions of databases provided by two or more sources are compatible and that the data may be combined by any user without compromising the legal rights of any of the data sources used. … The paper identifies an initial set of common-use licenses that meet all of the GEOSS Data-CORE conditions of access and unrestricted re-use of data. …

For full text of the article, visit GEO – Group on Earth Observations | GEO News issue #15 – article.

Call For Papers: Workshop on Sensor Web Enablement 2011

Call For Papers: Workshop on Sensor Web Enablement 2011 (SWE 2011)

As part of The 2011 Cybera Summit on Data For All – Opening up the Cloud

The Banff Centre, October 6th and 7th, 2011, Banff, Alberta, Canada

You are invited to participate in the SWE 2011 Workshop as part of the Cybera Summit 2011 for two days of presentations, discussion and networking to be held in Banff, Alberta, Canada. The SWE 2011 workshop will host 4 sessions exclusively to sensor web topics such as best practices, demos, platform applications, and the future of sensor web. Participants are invited to submit original and unpublished research works on the above and other topics related to sensor web platforms and open data topics.

In addition, this year SWE 2011 joins the Cybera Summit 2011 conference. The Summit Program will cover the evolution of the cloud and open data applications, and how those developments are driving technological and cultural change in both business and academia. Participants and speakers will explore how open, shared and cloud technologies are helping to connect people and resources like never before.

Call For Papers

The programme of the two-day conference will include fully refereed paper presentations, short paper presentations, panels, and demos. Accepted refereed papers will be invited to submit to a special issue of the International Journal of Digital Earth (IJDE) published by Taylor & Francis.

Important Dates

  • Abstract due: July 15th 2011
  • Full Paper due: July 30th 2011
  • Notification and Acceptance: August 22nd 2011
  • Registration and Camera Ready due: September 9th 2011

Background

Distributed sensor networks are attracting more and more interest in applications for large-scale monitoring of the environment, civil structures, roadways, natural landscapes, and wildlife habitats, etc. With the rapidly increasing number of large-scale sensor network deployments, the vision of a World-Wide Sensor Web (WSW) is becoming a reality. Similar to the World-Wide Web (WWW), which acts essentially as a “World-Wide Computer”, the Sensor Web can be considered as a “World-Wide Sensor” or a “cyberinfrastructure” that instruments and monitors the physical world at temporal and spatial scales that was previously impossible. The WSW will generate tremendous volumes of priceless data, enabling scientists to observe previously unobservable phenomena.

Sensor web examples include US’s National Ecological Observatory Networks (NEON), Canada’s NEPTUNE and GeoCENS, Korea’s Ubiquitous City (uCity), EU’s EuroGEOSS, etc. In addition, we are also seeing the emergence of citizen sensing systems that use the ubiquitous and location-enabled nature of mobile phones to build large-scale urban sensing systems that using the phones as mobile sensor nodes. Such citizen sensing systems include the Mobile Millennium project, the CycleSense project, and TrafficPulse, etc.

For more information, visit: http://sensorweb.geomatics.ucalgary.ca/swe2011

Crisis Mapping Meets Check-in

Image representing Ushahidi as depicted in Cru...

Image via CrunchBase

By David Talbot, MIT Technology Review, March 28, 2011

From Libya to Japan, a Web-reporting platform called Ushahidi has helped human rights workers and others document and make sense of fast-moving crises. The platform allows reports from cell phones and Web-connected devices to be collected and displayed on Web-based maps. Now Ushahidi is adding a concept borrowed from location-based social networking, as well as layers of private access—functionality that could make the service more efficient and useful in politically charged circumstances. …

For full text of the article, visit Crisis Mapping Meets Check-in – Technology Review.

Online Privacy and the Mobile Web

Online Privacy and the Mobiel Web

The Kojo Nnamdi Show, January 18, 2011

Online advertisers and marketers are using increasingly sophisticated tools to track us, especially on our cell phones. But most consumers are unaware of the many ways Internet traffic is being analyzed and interpreted. We examine new debates about privacy on the Web, and learn about data collection over smart phone apps.

Guests

Related Links

International Open Government Data Conference

President Obama on January 21, 2009, issued a Memorandum on Transparency and Open Government. The United States and seven other countries have launched Open Government Data sites that portend a new era of transparency, open government data and more open governments around the world. Many are working on similar developments. For the first time, the International Open Government Data Conference (IOGDC), hosted on November 15-17, 2010 in Washington, D.C.,  will gather the community of data owners, developers and policy makers from around the globe to share lessons learned, stimulate new ideas, and demonstrate the power of democratizing data.

Hosted by the United States Government, the IOGDC will bring together the world’s foremost experts on open government data. From policy to technology, IOGDC promises to be filled with thoughtful, dynamic discussion around the historic opportunity presented by open government data to foster collaboration, transparency, and interactive public participation. As the first event of its kind, this conference will be a milestone in the enhancement and expansion of open government data and the benefits it produces. There is no cost to attend, but invitation and preregistration is required.

Conference website: http://www.data.gov/conference

Invited speakers will include:

  • Vivek Kundra, U.S. Chief Information Officer
  • Neil Fantom, Senior Statistician, World Bank
  • Trevor Smallwood, Assistant Secretary, Cyber Security, Australian Government Information Management Office
  • Sir Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web; Director, World Wide Web Consortium
  • Samantha Power, White House, Senior Advisor, National Security Staff
  • Andrea Johnston, Director, Strategic Policy Development, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
  • David L. McClure, Ph.D. , Associate Administrator, Office of Citizen Services and Innovative Technologies, U.S. General Services Administration
  • Todd Park, Chief Technology Officer, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
  • Beth Simone Noveck, Deputy Chief Technology Officer, Open Government, Office of Science and Technology
  • Dr. James Hendler, co-creator of the Semantic Web; Tetherless World Senior Constellation Professor, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
  • Tomasz Janowski, Ph.D., Senior Research Fellow, United Nations University
  • Aneesh Chopra, U.S. Chief Technology Officer
  • Sharon Dawes, Senior Fellow, Center for Technology in Government, University at Albany
  • Sanjeev “Sonny” Bhagowalia, Program Executive, Data.gov, U.S. General Services Administration
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