The Pennsylvania House of Representatives today unanimously approved legislation authored by Rep. Bryan Cutler (R-Peach Bottom) to create a State Geospatial Coordinating Council to assist the governor in creating uniform data standards and efficient geospatial policy and technology in Pennsylvania.The net effect of this legislation is a safer Pennsylvania, said Cutler. This legislation is vital to Pennsylvanias emergency responders who rely on accurate mapping data to locate accident victims, hazardous sites and disaster locations. If emergency service providers have incorrect maps, it could add costly minutes to their crisis response times and could lead to the loss of life or the escalation of a catastrophe.
For full text of the article, visit House Approves Cutler Measure to Create Geospatial Coordinating Council.
- Legislation Authorizing the Creation of State Geospatial Coordination Councils (geodatapolicy.wordpress.com)
- GAO to Evaluate Federal Coordinating Investments in Geospatial Data (geodatapolicy.wordpress.com)
In a letter dated December 8, 2010 from the GAO to Mr. Douglas A. Glenn, Director, Office of Financial Management, Department of the Interior:
“The General Accountability Office (GAO) is initiating an evaluation of Federal initiatives aimed at coordinating investments in geospatial data — specifically, activities coordinated by the Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) and OMB. …. GAO is beginning this work in response to a request made by the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs.
The two key questions for this engagement are:
1. Have Federal initiatives been effectively established and implemented to coordinate investments in geospatial data?
2. Does unnecessary duplication of investments in geospatial data continue to exist?”
The GAO conducted a similar study in 2004, titled “Geospatial Information: Better Coordination Needed to Identify and Reduce Duplicative Investments? (GAO-04-703, June 2004).”
To conduct this evaluation, the GAO plans to contact representatives from DOI and OMB, as well as members of the Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Executive Committee, Steering Committee, Coordination Group, Secretariat staff, other working groups, and community.
- Building a National Spatial Data Infrastructure 2.0 (geodatapolicy.wordpress.com)
- Former FGDC Executive Director on Mapping and the Spatial Data Infrastructure (geodatapolicy.wordpress.com)
In the United States, a lively discussion is emerging on the next generation of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure, with a focus on its governance and coordination. Below are links to articles, reports and editorials on this topic:
National Geospatial Advisory Council Reports
- NGAC Report: The Changing Geospatial Landscape [PDF 4.38 MB]
- NGAC Transition Recommendations [PDF]
- Recommendations Summary [July 2011, PDF]
- Proposal to Measure Progress Toward Realizing the NSDI Vision [PDF]
Federal Geographic Data Committee Reports and Presentations
- NSDI 2.0: Implementing Change, Challenges and Opportunities [Ivan Deloatch, October 2009]
- A History of Spatial Data Coordination [Milo Robinson, May 2008]
- National Spatial Data Infrastructure Webpage
2009 Proposals for a “National GIS”
- A Proposal for National Economic Recovery: An Investment in Geospatial Information Infrastructure Building a National GIS [Jack Dangermond, ESRI]
- A Concept for American Recovery and Reinvestment - NSDI 2.0: Powering our National Economy, Renewing our Infrastructure, Protecting our Environment [Jeff Harrison, John Moeller, Julia Harvell and others]
- A Proposal for Reinvigorating the American Economy Through Investment in the US National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) [Autodesk, Microsoft, Oracle, Google, Intergraph]
- Stimulus Proposal #4 – Funding the National Map [John Palatiello]
- A Strategic Framework for a National Spatial Data Infrastructure [NSGIC]
- Governance of the NSDI [Will Craig, President of NSGIC]
- Mapping and Spatial Data: Infrastructures and Imagination (John Moeller, Communia Blog, Sept 6, 2011)
- Obama Should Finish What Nixon Failed to Do (Christopher Tucker, Directions Magazine, Oct 2, 2009)
- Is a National GIS on the map? (GCN, July 13, 2009)
- Update 9: ESRI Invites Support for GIS for the Nation as Part of Stimulus Bill
- Three Geospatial Proposals and U.S. Economic Stimulus: Background and Status (Directions Magazine, Feb 5, 2009)
- Landscape of National GIS (David G. Smith, February 1, 2009)
- A Second Proposal Regarding Geo and the Stimulus: NSDI 2.0 (All Points Blog, Directions Magazine, Jan 24, 2009)
- Grassroots Group Releases NSDI 2.0 Concept Paper (GISCafe, January 23, 2009)
- A Rebuttal to “Building a National GIS” (Sean Gorman, January 13, 2009)
NSDI Related Legislation and Hearings
- E-Government Act of 2002 (PL 107-347) See Section 216 – Common Protocols for Geographic Information Systems, as well as Hearing Transcript, House Report No. 107-787 , Part 1 (H.R. 2458), and Senate Reports No. 107-174 (S. 803)
Congressional Oversight Hearings:
House Committee on Government Reform, Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations and the Census (June 23, 2004) See GAO Testimony – “Geospatial Information: Better Coordination and Oversight Could Help Reduce Duplicative Investments“
House Committee on Government Reform, Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations and the Census (June 10, 2003) See GAO Testimony – “Geographic Information Systems: Challenges to Effective Data Sharing“
Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports to Congress:
- Geospatial Information and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): An Overview for Congress (CRS, May 18, 2011)
- Issues and Challenges for Federal Geospatial Information” (CRS, May 18, 201)
- Geospatial Information and Geograpahic Information Systems (GIS): Current Issues and Future Challenges (CRS, June 2009)
- Issues Regarding a National Land Parcel Database (CRS, July 2009)
Government Accountability Office (GAO) Reports to Congress and Testimony:
- Geographic Information Systems : Challenges to Effective Data Sharing (GAO-03-874T, June 2003) [Testimony]
- Geospatial Information: Better Coordination Needed To Identify and Reduce Duplicative Investments (GAO-04-743, June 2004) [Testimony]
- Geospatial Informaiton: Better Coordination Needed to Identify and Reduce Duplicative Investments (GAO-04-703, June 2004) [Report to Congressional Requesters]
Executive Orders, Regulations and Guidelines
- Executive Order 12906: Coordinating Geographic Data Acquisition and Access: The National Spatial Data Infrastructure
- Executive Order 13286, published in the March 5, 2003, edition of the Federal Register, Volume 68, Number 43, pp. 10619-10633 amended Executive Order 12906
OMB Circulars and Memos:
- OMB Circular A-16 Revised Coordination of Geographic Information and Related Spatial Data Activities
- OMB Circular A-130: Management of Federal Information Resources
- OMB Circular A-119: Federal Participation in the Development and Use of Voluntary Consensus Standards and in Conformity Assessment Activities
- OMB Memo M-09-28: Developing Effective Place-Based Policies for the FY2011 Budget
- OMB Memo M-06-07: Designation of a Senior Agency Official for Geospatial Information (President Bush)
NSDI-related Reports and Publications
National Academy of Public Administration Reports:
- Geographic Information for the 21st Century: Building a Strategy for the Nation (NAPA 98-01, January 1998)
- Legal Limits on Access to and Disclosure of Disaster Information (NAPA 99-09S, May 1999)
- Enabling Collaboration: Three Priorities for the New Administration (NAPA Jan 2009)
- Conversations with Leaders: Place-Based Public Management: A National Academy of Public Administration Initiative (NAPA 2011)
- Forum on Place-Based Public Management (May 2011)
National Academy of Sciences Reports (PDFs are now free; for full list of Mapping Science Committee reports click here):
- Land Parcel Data: A Vision for the Future (NAS 2007)
- Weaving a National Map: A Review of the U.S. Geological Survey Concept of the National Map (NAS 2003)
- National Spatial Data Infrastructure Partnership Programs: Rethinking the Focus (NAS 2001)
- A Data Foundation for the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NAS 1995)
- Promoting the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Through Partnerships (NAS 1994)
- Toward a Coordinated Spatial Data Infrastructure for the Nation (NAS 1993)
- Spatial Data Needs: The Future of the National Mapping Program (NAS 1990)
- Federal Surveying and Mapping: An Organizational Review (NAS 1981), including a summary of the Federal Mapping Task Force Report (OMB 1973).
A Policy Appraisal of the National Map, A Federal Program to Provide Basic Geospatial Data For the Nation (Maeve A. Boland, PhD Dissertation, 2005)
Earth Observation Governance, Priorities and Benefit to Society:
If you know of additional related documents or commentaries, please email us the links!
DISCLAIMER: The opinions expressed in the links and resources listed above are not necessarily those of this blog site.
GAO-04-824T June 23, 2004
The collection, maintenance, and use of location-based (geospatial) information are essential to federal agencies carrying out their missions. Geographic information systems (GIS) are critical elements used in the areas of homeland security, healthcare, natural resources conservation, and countless other applications. GAO was asked to review the extent to which the federal government is coordinating the efficient sharing of geospatial assets, including through Office of Management and Budget (OMB) oversight. GAO’s report on this matter, Geospatial Information: Better Coordination Needed to Identify and Reduce Duplicative Investments (GAO-04-703), is being released today. GAO’s testimony focuses on the extent to which the federal government is coordinating the sharing of geospatial assets, including through oversight measures in place at the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), in order to identify and reduce redundancies in geospatial data and systems.
OMB, cross-government committees, and individual federal agencies have taken actions to coordinate geospatial investments across agencies and with state and local governments. However, these efforts have not been fully successful due to (1) a complete and up-to-date strategic plan is missing. The existing strategic plan for coordinating national geospatial resources and activities is out of date and lacks specific measures for identifying and reducing redundancies, (2) federal agencies are not consistently complying with OMB direction to coordinate their investments, and (3) OMB’s oversight methods have not been effective in identifying or eliminating instances of duplication. This has resulted from OMB not collecting consistent, key investment information from all agencies. Consequently, agencies continue to independently acquire and maintain potentially duplicative systems. This costly practice is likely to continue unless coordination is significantly improved.
GAO-03-874T June 10, 2003
Geographic information systems (GIS) manipulate, analyze, and graphically present an array of information associated with geographic locations, have been invaluable to all levels of government. Their usefulness in disaster response was recently demonstrated during the Space Shuttle Columbia recovery effort. GIS provided precise maps and search grids to guide crews to the debris that was strewn across 41 counties in Texas and Louisiana. The federal government has long been attempting to develop an integrated nationwide GIS network. The information available through such a network could significantly enhance decision–making in myriad public–service areas, including emergency response, national security, law enforcement, health care, and the environment. Among GAO’s objectives were to describe the federal government’s efforts to coordinate GIS activities, the long-standing challenges of adopting and implementing federal GIS standards, and the role of Geospatial One-Stop.